Flowers hold a special place in human culture across the globe. In India, flowers play a significant role in festivals, rituals, and everyday life. From the vibrant marigolds adorning doorways during Diwali to the fragrant jasmine flowers adorning hair during weddings, phoolon ke naam (the names of flowers) hold deep cultural and symbolic meanings. Let’s explore the significance of some popular flowers in Indian culture and the meanings behind their names.

Roses – Gulab

Roses, or gulab in Hindi, are known for their beauty, fragrance, and symbolism in various cultures. In India, roses are often associated with love, beauty, and passion. The name “gulab” itself is derived from the Persian words “gol” meaning flower and “ab” meaning water. The rose’s botanical name is Rosa, which has roots in Latin and is a symbol of balance and perfection. In Indian traditions, roses are used during weddings, religious ceremonies, and to express love and affection.

Marigolds – Genda

Marigolds, or genda in Hindi, are a popular flower used in decorations, garlands, and religious ceremonies in India. The name “genda” is derived from the Sanskrit word “gandha,” meaning fragrance. Marigolds are believed to symbolize auspiciousness, prosperity, and are often associated with the sun due to their bright color. In India, marigold garlands are commonly used to adorn statues of gods and goddesses, as well as to decorate homes during festivals like Dussehra and Diwali.

Jasmine – Chameli

Jasmine, or chameli in Hindi, is a fragrant flower with delicate white petals that symbolize purity, simplicity, and grace. The name “chameli” is derived from the Persian word “yasmin,” meaning gift from God. Jasmine is often used in religious ceremonies, weddings, and to adorn hair due to its sweet fragrance. In Indian folklore, jasmine is associated with love and romance, making it a popular choice for perfumes and oils.

Lotus – Kamal

Lotus, or kamal in Hindi, is a sacred flower in Indian culture symbolizing purity, enlightenment, and rebirth. The name “kamal” is derived from the Sanskrit word for lotus. The lotus is revered in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism and is associated with divine beauty and grace. Its ability to rise above the murky waters and bloom in pristine beauty symbolizes spiritual growth and enlightenment. The lotus is often used in religious rituals, art, and architecture across India.

Tulips – Lale

Tulips are not native to India but have gained popularity in recent years for their vibrant colors and elegant shape. The name “tulip” is believed to have originated from the Persian word “dulband,” meaning turban, as the flower’s shape resembles a turban. In Hindi, tulips are sometimes referred to as lale, a name which has Persian origins. Tulips are symbols of love, passion, and rebirth, making them a popular choice for gardens and floral arrangements.


1. What is the significance of flowers in Indian culture?
Flowers hold immense significance in Indian culture, symbolizing beauty, purity, auspiciousness, and spirituality. They are used in religious rituals, festivals, weddings, and daily life to express emotions and celebrate special occasions.

2. Why are marigolds commonly used in Indian rituals and decorations?
Marigolds are believed to be auspicious and are associated with prosperity and joy. Their vibrant color and fragrant nature make them popular choices for decorations, garlands, and offerings in Indian culture.

3. What does the lotus symbolize in Hinduism and Buddhism?
The lotus is considered a sacred flower symbolizing purity, enlightenment, and spiritual growth in Hinduism and Buddhism. Its ability to bloom in pristine beauty despite its roots in muddy waters represents the journey of the soul towards enlightenment.

4. Why are roses associated with love and passion in Indian culture?
Roses are often seen as symbols of love, beauty, and passion due to their vibrant colors, fragrance, and delicate petals. In Indian traditions, giving roses signifies affection and deep emotions, making them popular in expressing love.

5. How are jasmine flowers used in Indian weddings?
Jasmine flowers, known for their sweet fragrance and white petals, are commonly used in Indian weddings to adorn hair and make garlands. Jasmine symbolizes purity, simplicity, and grace, making it a popular choice for bridal attire and decorations.


Flowers hold a special place in Indian culture, not just for their beauty and fragrance but also for the meanings and symbolism they carry. Whether it’s the romantic allure of roses, the auspiciousness of marigolds, the purity of jasmine, or the enlightenment symbolized by the lotus, phoolon ke naam convey deep cultural significance and enrich traditions and rituals across India. Learning about the meanings behind these flowers adds depth and poetry to our understanding of the natural world and the human experience.